Spring and early
summer are a time of renewal for forest owners, who are busy planting saplings.
Usually, new saplings are planted into the ground in spring, roughly a year
after the felling. Depending on the time of the felling, saplings can also be
planted in summer and autumn.
annually buys, supplies and plants around a million saplings, the majority of
which are two-year old spruce saplings. Year-old pine and birch saplings are
also supplied in smaller quantities and a few hundred larch and curly birch
saplings. In total, the new saplings cover an area of more than 500 hectares.
is not rocket science, but it is good to take a few things into consideration
before and during planting in order to ensure a successful start for the young
be planted in warm ground. During the first summer, the sapling should grow
roots from the root clump into the forest ground. When the soil is thawed and
warm enough, it is easier for the sapling to grow strong roots and start
growing properly. In addition to the soil, the saplings also need careful
thawing before planting.
“Almost all of
the saplings are freezer-stored and they take one to two weeks to thaw,” says
Koskitukki’s Forest Management Supervisor, Niina
should be stored in a shady place and with the ventilation openings of the
boxes opened. It is advisable to monitor the thawing process, as after thawing,
the sapling needs watering and care. When planting, the saplings must be
entirely thawed, in good condition, and the root clump must be sufficiently
wet. When squeezed, copious amounts of water should drain from the root clump.
spots should be selected with care to ensure that the saplings will grow
properly. Firstly, it is a good idea to plant the sapling in the middle of a
patch or on top of a hummock, so that the entire clump and part of the sapling
stem are in the mineral soil. It is not a good idea to plant a sapling in a
recession, where it may become flooded during a heavy rainfall,” Hautamäki
In the years
following the planting, it is important to take care of supplementary planting,
early clearing and tending to the sapling stand.
For Koskitukki, forest regeneration and agreeing on the planting of saplings are an integral part of wood trade. Most forest owners want to buy the post-felling soil preparation and regeneration work from start to finish, but some wish to plant the saplings themselves. At Koskitukki, the planting of saplings is trusted to professional loggers and logging contractors who have the eye and expertise required for the job.